While in the child and the teenager the main cause of tooth loss is caries, in the adult this is due to periodontal diseases that do not attack the tooth, but its supportive tissues (gingiva, alveolar bone, ligament periodontal, root cement).
The main cause of these diseases is the long stay of the bacterial plaque in contact with the passage area between the tooth and the adherent gingiva. Initially, an inflammation is caused by the gum (marginal gingivitis), which is usually underestimated by the patient, and consists of swelling, swelling and bleeding to the marginal gingivitis.
This initial stage of the disease can be reversible and is treated with professional oral hygiene sessions (which are used to remove tartar which is the transformation of the dental plaque that is mineralized due to the salivary salt content) and the teaching of home oral hygiene good practises (teaching of the correct brushing techniques and basic concepts of dietary education).
When, however, the patient underestimates the first symptoms of gingivitis and does not go to the dentist nor apply the oral and dietary hygiene programs proposed by the odontologist, the problem extends to the underlying tissues and becomes a disease that is no longer reversible with good hygienical habits, called periodontal disease. It happens that long-term inflammation creates the premise for the destruction of the alveolar bone and periodontal ligament with weakening of the concerned tooth stability: this is a situation that can be controlled by very sophisticated microsurgical therapies (periodontal or regenerative periodontal surgery) but they can only be implemented on very motivated patients who already get excellent results with oral hygiene.
Even the use of bad brushing techniques may create damages called gingival recessions: these problems are remedied by even sophisticated interventions of mucogingival surgery.
In all these situations, the Santoro dental practice can offer the most sophisticated and up-to-date techniques and materials to counteract this disease which is the major cause of loss of adult teeth.